The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, part of the National Institutes of Health, is looking for individuals to participate in clinical studies. Participating in clinical trials allows you to play an active role in research on the nature and causes of many disorders of the brain and nervous system, and to possibly help physician-scientists develop future treatments. The information below is designed to help you quickly learn about actively recruiting research studies for which you or someone you know may be eligible.

Description:

Design and Outcomes This study is a two-arm, single-blind, randomized, controlled, phase II, multi-center pilot trial of the efficacy of pBrO2 monitoring, and is designed to obtain data required for a definitive phase III study, such as efficacy of physiologic maneuvers aimed at normalizing pBrO2. 182 patients with severe TBI who require ICP monitoring will be recruited into this study at 4 clinical sites in the US (Univ. of Texas Southwestern/Parkland Memorial Hospital, Univ. of Washington/Harborview Medical Center, Univ. of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital, and Univ. of Pennsylvania/Hospital of the Univ. of Pennsylvania). All patients will have both ICP monitors and pBrO2 monitors inserted through the same burr hole. Half of the patients will be randomized to a treatment protocol based on both ICP and pBrO2 readings, while the control group will be randomized to a treatment protocol based only on ICP readings. The pBrO2monitors of the control arm will be masked, so that the treating physicians will be unaware of the pBrO2 information. Patients will have telephone follow-up interview to assess their level of recovery 6 months post injury, using the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended. Interventions and Duration Patients randomized to the control group will have pBrO2 implanted in a similar fashion as patients in the treatment group, but after calibration of the device, the display will be covered with opaque tape. Patients in the control will be treated with a protocol based on ICP measures only. Patients in the treatment group (both ICP and pBrO2 measures are visible) will be treated according to a protocol that incorporates both ICP and pBrO2 measures. The treatment protocols are based on current standards of care, but are described in detail to insure uniformity in treatments across the 4 study sites. The probe will remain in place for a maximum or 5 days, until all values are normal for 48 hours, or sooner if a complication arises. If the patient has normal values, monitors will be removed after 48 hours. Objectives Primary Objective: The prescribed treatment protocol, based on pBrO2 monitoring, results in reduction of the fraction of time that brain oxygen levels are below the critical threshold of 20 mm Hg in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Secondary Objectives: - Safety hypotheses: Adverse events associated with pBrO2 monitoring are rare. - Feasibility hypotheses: Episodes of decreased pBrO2 can be identified and treatment protocol instituted comparably across 4 clinical sites, and protocol violations will be low (

Eligibility Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Non-penetrating traumatic brain injury 2. Requirement for intracranial pressure monitoring according to Guidelines for the Management of Severe TBI, as operationalized below: - GCS 3-8 (measured off sedatives or paralytics) with abnormal CT scan. If patient is intubated, motor GCS 4 with normal CT scan - Bilaterally absent pupillary responses 2. Laboratory contraindications per safety considerations: Coagulopathy that makes insertion of parenchymal monitors contraindicated (Platelets 1.4) (Enrollment allowed if coagulopathy can be corrected before 12 hour post-injury deadline). 3. Pregnant females will be excluded. Blood test for pregnancy is a routine part of care in ED's. However, if not done, a urine or blood test will be done as a safety precaution after consent but prior to study treatment. 4. Monitoring with pBrO2 monitor prior to randomization. 5. Clinical, demographic and other characteristics that precludes appropriate diagnosis, treatment or follow-up in the trial. - Systemic sepsis at the time of screening - Refractory hypotension (SBP 30 minutes) - Refractory systemic hypoxia (paO2

Study Design:

Study Location:

Multiple U.S. Locations