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Picture of stem cells used in study colored in red, blue, green, and yellow.

Turning off “junk DNA” may free stem cells to become neurons

Monday, July 13, 2020
For every cell in the body there comes a time when it must decide what it wants to do for the rest of its life. In an article published in the journal PNAS, NIH researchers report for the first time that ancient viral genes that were once considered “junk DNA” may play a role in this process.
Side view of the human brain in grey overlaid with a network diagram of the words used in this study.

NIH study finds out why some words may be more memorable than others

Monday, June 29, 2020
Thousands of words, big and small, are crammed inside our memory banks just waiting to be swiftly withdrawn and strung into sentences.
Image of neurons

NIH announces new Transformative Research Award program for ALS

Wednesday, June 17, 2020
The National Institutes of Health plans to invest $25 million over 5 years in a new program to spur innovative research on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive and fatal neurological disease that weakens and eventually paralyzes voluntary muscles.
Photo of researcher pipetting in the lab

Gut bacteria may modify behavior in worms, influencing eating habits

Tuesday, June 16, 2020
NIH-funded study suggests microbiome may influence neural circuit activity
Picture of Eunice A. Domínguez-Martín, Ph.D. NIH post-doctoral fellow is one of 10 recipients of an award from Pew’s Latin American Fellows Program in Biomedical Sciences.

NIH Parkinson’s disease researcher receives Pew Latin American Fellows award

Monday, June 15, 2020
The Pew Charitable Trusts has announced that Eunice A. Domínguez-Martín, Ph.D., an NIH post-doctoral fellow, is one of 10 recipients of an award from Pew’s Latin American Fellows Program in Biomedical Sciences.
Image showing HIV infection of CD4+ T cells in the mouse brain.  (red), Human T cells (magenta), human astrocytesHIV (green), nuclei (Blue). Arrows identify uptake of HIV from astrocytes into T cells.

Brain cells can harbor and spread HIV virus to the body

Friday, June 12, 2020
Researchers have found that astrocytes, a type of brain cell can harbor HIV and then spread the virus to immune cells that traffic out of the brain and into other organs.
Fluorescent image of mouse nasal passages infected with virus

Microglia in the olfactory bulb have a nose for protecting the brain from infection

Friday, June 5, 2020
Researchers at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), a part of the National Institutes of Health, have identified a specific, front-line defense that limits the infection to the olfactory bulb and protects the neurons of the olfactory bulb from damage due to the...
Sideview brain scan in black and white. Cavernous angioma in middle of brain is highlighted in color.

Study ties stroke-related brain blood vessel abnormality to gut bacteria

Wednesday, June 3, 2020
In a nationwide study, NIH funded researchers found that the presence of abnormal bundles of brittle blood vessels in the brain or spinal cord, called cavernous angiomas (CA), are linked to the composition of a person’s gut bacteria.
Scientists working in the lab

NINDS announces 20 new recipients of Research Program Award

Monday, May 18, 2020
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, part of the National Institutes of Health, announced the latest recipients of the R35 Research Program Award (RPA).