Pages related to "neural circuits"

Pages related to "neural circuits"

Researchers from Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital now provide evidence that epileptic spasms originate from the pyramidal cells in the deep layers of the neocortex. Further, they uncovered a novel neurophysiological phenomenon that explains how cortical neurons generate spasms.

New study finds that a set of internal clock neurons previously credited with sending time-keeping cues to the brain are instead receiving external environment cues

In an article published in Nature Genetics, researchers confirm that about 14% of all cases of cerebral palsy, a disabling brain disorder for which there are no cures, may be linked to a patient’s genes and suggest that many of those genes control how brain circuits become wired during early development.

Serotonin is a neurochemical that plays a critical role in the way the brain controls our thoughts and feelings. For example, many antidepressants are designed to alter serotonin signals sent between neurons.

In a recent study published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, Gladstone Institute researchers show that surveillance by microglia helps prevent seizure activity (or hyperexcitability) in the brain. 

A brain-computer interface study reveals one brain region’s surprising role in planning movements exclusively in response to sounds.

Star-shaped ‘glue’ cells make it their business to govern connections between neurons.

Using an innovative computational approach to analyze vast brain cell gene expression datasets, researchers at MIT and Sorbonne Université have found that Huntington’s disease may progress to advanced stages more because of a degradation of the cells’ health maintenance systems than because of increased damage from the disease pathology itself.

When a canary sings, it maintains a memory trace of the notes produced in the previous five to 10 seconds, a process that allows the bird to produce songs with long-range rules or syntactic structure, according to a new study co-written by a neuroscientist at the University of Oregon’s Phil and Penny Knight Campus for Accelerating Scientific Impact.

NYU Langone Researchers Identify ‘On–Off Switch’ Nerve Cells for Male Mating & Aggression in the Amygdala