The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, part of the National Institutes of Health, is looking for individuals to participate in clinical studies. Participating in clinical trials allows you to play an active role in research on the nature and causes of many disorders of the brain and nervous system, and to possibly help physician-scientists develop future treatments. The information below is designed to help you quickly learn about actively recruiting research studies for which you or someone you know may be eligible.


Specific Aim: Define the capacity of the combination of probenecid and NAC to safely and synergistically preserve levels of GSH and reduce oxidative stress in children with severe TBI. We will enroll 20 children age 2 to less than 18 years old (less than 216 months) after severe TBI in a randomized, controlled study of administration of the combinational therapy and test if the administration of these drugs is safe and if antioxidant reserve can be preserved within the serum and CSF. Probenecid (at the same dose that is used as an adjunct to antibiotic therapy) and NAC (at the same dose that is used for acetaminophen-induced liver disease), or vehicles will be given for 3 days. The primary outcomes of the study will be the safety of drug administration and the CSF and serum levels anti-oxidant reserve (AOR), with the presumption that maintaining anti-oxidant levels within the brain may prove neuroprotective. Other secondary outcomes (CSF and serum probenecid, NAC, GSH and phenytoin concentrations) will also be tested. Adverse events occuring during treatment with these drugs after TBI will be monitored by a local Data Safety Monitoring Board.

Eligibility Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Children (age 2 - 18 y) with severe TBI (GCS

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