The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, part of the National Institutes of Health, is looking for individuals to participate in clinical studies. Participating in clinical trials allows you to play an active role in research on the nature and causes of many disorders of the brain and nervous system, and to possibly help physician-scientists develop future treatments. The information below is designed to help you quickly learn about actively recruiting research studies for which you or someone you know may be eligible.

Description:

A speckle-contrast imaging camera uses a low-power laser to check brain activity. The imaging camera uses reflected red light to take a special kind of picture of the amount of blood flowing in your brain, and the amount of oxygen in your blood. This is the first time this device has been used in brain surgery. While "asleep" under anesthesia during an already scheduled surgery, the neurosurgeon will position the microscope to take pictures of the surgery area. The pictures will be taken after the brain is exposed, but before the rest of the surgery takes place. Researchers will shine the red light onto the brain during your surgery. The light will then be seen by the camera. "Cortical mapping" will done, which is an established procedure used to detect important areas of the brain. Usually, a nerve in the wrist is stimulated with a very small shock of electricity and a response is detected in the brain by an electrode placed on the surface. The electrical shock administered is not dangerous or painful. It will be given while "asleep." For the experimental procedure used in this study, the same stimulation will be used, but the impulse detection will be performed using the speckle-contrast imaging camera. Researchers hope to see if the change in blood flow gives the same information as if the electrode was placed on the brain and used to detect the electricity. Doing both procedures is expected to take no more than 20 minutes. During this time, continual monitoring done by the surgeon and operating room staff. Your participation in this study will end when the surgery is finished. The results of this study will not be used by the surgeon during your surgery or any future treatments. These measurements are being done for research only and will not be used by the surgeon to make any decisions about your surgery. This is an investigational study. This device is investigational and has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but it has been declared safe by the National Institutes of Health. Up to 10 patients will take part in the study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

Eligibility Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Location of planned resection near somatosensory cortex. 2. Planned intraoperative electrocortical mapping. 3. Able to render written informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients with a hemiparesis graded 3/5 (active movement against gravity) or worse. Unpublished data from MDACC Department of Neurosurgery suggests that cortical mapping is ineffective in these patients because an adequate cortical response is not detected 2. Patients with a vascular malformation within the proximity of the cortex area imaged.

Study Design:

Study Location:

Texas