Grafman, Ph.D., Senior Investigator
Dr. Grafman received his B.A. degree from Sonoma State University in California and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison
in 1981. Immediately following his graduation, Dr. Grafman became the Neuropsychology Chief on the Vietnam Head Injury Study,
a multidisciplinary study conducted at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C. In 1986, he joined the NINDS as
a Senior Staff Fellow in the Clinical Neuropsychology Section. In 1989, Dr. Grafman became Chief of the Cognitive Neuroscience
Section in the NINDS. He is an elected fellow of the American Psychological Association and has received both the Defense
Meritorious Service Award and the National Institutes of Health Award of Merit. Dr. Grafman's Section is attempting to identify
the nature of representational knowledge stored in the human prefrontal cortex, the cognitive properties of representational
binding that form episodes in memory, and the types of cognitive neuroplasticity that occur during learning and recovery from
Laboratory StaffAron Barbey
The major goal of the Cognitive Neuroscience Section is to characterize the forms of knowledge represented in the human prefrontal
cortex. While it is believed that the prefrontal cortex plays a crucial role in planning, social cognition, reasoning, and
reflection, scientists remain puzzled about its underlying cognitive architecture and the number of circumscribed prefrontal
cortex brain sectors subserving specific cognitive operations and/or knowledge. Numerous ongoing studies in the Section are
dedicated to testing hypotheses generated by the framework we have adapted.
Testing A Model of the Representational Knowledge Stored in the Human Prefrontal Cortex
Functional Neuroimaging of Calculus Problem Solving
Functional Neuroimaging of Social Cognitive and Emotional Processing: Technical and Cognitive Issues
Regional Cerebral Utilization of Glucose in Patients with a Diagnosis of Frontal Lobe Dementia, Atypical Parkinsonian Disorder,
and Other Basal Ganglia Disorders
Social Knowledge Representation in the Human Prefrontal Cortex
Reasoning About Social and Economic Knowledge: Identifying the Role of the Human Prefrontal Cortex Using Functional Neuroimaging
03-N-0197Selected Recent PublicationsKrueger, F., Moll, J., Zahn, R., Heinecke, A., and Grafman, J.
Event Frequency Modulates the Processing of Daily Life Activities in Human Medial Prefrontal Cortex - Cerebral Cortex
17 2346-2353 2007,
Zahn, R., Moll, J., Krueger, F., Huey, E.D., Garrido, G., and Grafman, J.
Social Concepts are Represented in the Superior Anterior Temporal Cortex - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
104 (15) 6430-6435 2007,
Knutson, K.M., Mah, L., Manly, C.F., and Grafman, J.
Neural Correlates of Automatic Beliefs about Gender and Race - Human Brain Mapping
28 (10) 915-930 2007,
Krueger, F., McCabe, K., Moll, J., Kriegeskorte, N., Zahn, R., Strenziok, M., Heinecke, A., and Grafman, J.
The Neural Correlates of Trust - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
104 (50) 20084-20089 2007,
Moll, J., Krueger, F., Zahn, R., Pardini, M., de Oliveira-Souza, R., and Grafman, J.
Human Fronto-mesolimbic Networks Guide Decisions about Charitable Donation. - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
103 (42) 15623-15628 2006,
Moll, J., Zahn, R., de Oliveira-Souza, R., Krueger, F., and Grafman, J.
The neural basis of human moral cognition - Nature Reviews Neuroscience
6 (10) 799-809 2005,
Selected Earlier Publications
Chief, Cognitive Neuroscience Section National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
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