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ICARE: June 27, 2012 Meeting

Research @ NINDS
Epilepsy
Highlights
Judith Hoyer Lecture on Epilepsy

Curing the Epilepsies 2013: Pathways Forward

Resource Links
Anticonvulsant Screening Program (ASP)

NIH RePORTER is an electronic tool that allows users to search a repository of NIH-funded research projects and access publications and patents resulting from NIH funding.

Epilepsy Clinical Trials

Resources for Scientists

MedlinePlus

Contacts
Brandy Fureman, Ph.D.
Program Director, Channels Synapses & Circuits Cluster
furemanb@mail.nih.gov

Deborah Hirtz, M.D.
Program Director, Division of Extramural Research
dh83f@nih.gov

John Kehne, Ph.D.
Program Director, Anticonvulsant Screening Program
john.kehne@nih.gov

Randall Stewart, Ph.D.
Program Director, Extramural Research Program
rs416y@nih.gov

Vicky Whittemore, Ph.D.
Program Director, Channels, Synapses & Neural Circuits Cluster
vicky.whittemore@nih.gov

Summary

The third annual ICARE meeting was held on June 27, 2012, and included invited speakers on selected topics, as well as an opportunity for individual ICARE members to give general updates on their ongoing and planned epilepsy research activities. Many presentations from the meeting are available as links on the agenda.

The meeting began with a presentation on research-related recommendations and priorities in the IOM report, “Epilepsy across the Spectrum: Promoting Health and Understanding,” given by Joan Austin, DNS, RN, FAAN, Distinguished Professor emerita at the Indiana University School of Nursing and member of the IOM.  Following  the presentation, ICARE members and other meetings participants discussed ongoing efforts, opportunities, and challenges related to addressing needs identified in the report.  In particular, meeting participants discussed the recommendation to develop formal accreditation for epilepsy centers, which would meet specific criteria for epilepsy care and could work together to conduct clinical and health services research. Existing accredited centers in other disease areas, such as stroke, were cited as potential models, in terms of the process used to develop accreditation criteria; and ongoing efforts to develop common data elements and standard definitions and methods for epidemiologic and surveillance research were cited as resources. Other discussion topics included the continued need for better data on the incidence and prevalence of the epilepsies and challenges and opportunities associated with the use of electronic health records to capture point-of-care data from clinical encounters.     

The first afternoon session focused on the comorbidities of epilepsy.  Amy Brooks-Kayal, MD, of the Children’s Hospital Colorado, gave an overview of comorbid conditions that affect people with epilepsy, with an emphasis on cognitive and mental health conditions.  Results from a number of studies underscore that such comorbid conditions have a significant impact on quality of life for people with epilepsy, often even more so than degree of seizure freedom.   A growing body of research points to bidirectional mechanisms in the development of comorbidities. In other words, they may be a consequence of seizures once epilepsy develops, or underlying mechanisms may exist that cause both epilepsy and comorbid conditions; and a combination of these processes may also be involved.  ICARE members described ongoing research activities related to epilepsy comorbidities, and they discussed areas of remaining needs and/or opportunity, including developing biomarkers related to the risk of epilepsy and comorbidities, incorporating epilepsy into research with a primary focus on comorbid conditions themselves, and making use of non-medical data sources, such as school records, which could inform research.

The second afternoon session focused on post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE).  Karen Parko, MD, National Director of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Epilepsy Centers of Excellence, led a series of presentations on current research within the VA and DARPA/Department of Defense; data infrastructure at the VA and examples of research uses and future opportunities; and ongoing and proposed research partnerships with PatientsLikeMe and NeuroVista. The number of veterans with seizures is increasing, a trend that is expected to continue with the development of epilepsy in veterans with traumatic brain injuries (TBI) sustained in recent and ongoing military operations.  Veterans with TBI also have an increased risk for developing psychogenic/non-epileptic seizures, which may outwardly resemble seizures but are not accompanied by the abnormal brain electrical activity that characterizes epileptic seizures.  The VA system and data infrastructure provide a unique resource for clinical research on PTE, including research to improve quality standards for care delivery. Additional topics discussed included an apparent disparity in the use of surgical therapies for epilepsy in veterans with respect to the general population, factors that may predict or contribute to the risk for PTE, the development of interventions to prevent PTE, and needs for epidemiologic surveillance and monitoring long term outcomes. 

Last updated April 18, 2014