Press Releases & News Articles: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Copyright 2014, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/press_releases/index.htm en Press Release Saturday Sunday http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Scientists sniff out unexpected role for stem cells in the brain http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_brain_stem_cell_scents_10102014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_brain_stem_cell_scents_10102014.htm For decades, scientists thought that neurons in the brain were born only during the early development period and could not be replenished. More recently, however, they discovered cells with the ability to divide and turn into new neurons in specific brain regions. Fri, 10 Oct 2014 00:00:00 EDT NIH awards $35 Million for Centers for Collaborative Research in Fragile X http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_fragile-x_research_funding_09232014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_fragile-x_research_funding_09232014.htm The National Institutes of Health is making funding awards of $35 million over the next five years to support the Centers for Collaborative Research in Fragile X program. Investigators at these centers will seek to better understand Fragile X-associated disorders and work toward developing effective treatments. Tue, 23 Sep 2014 00:00:00 EDT Scientists plug into a learning brain http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_learning_brain_08272014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_learning_brain_08272014.htm Learning is easier when it only requires nerve cells to rearrange existing patterns of activity than when the nerve cells have to generate new patterns, a study of monkeys has found. The scientists explored the brain’s capacity to learn through recordings of electrical activity of brain cell networks. The study was partly funded by the National Institutes of Health. Wed, 27 Aug 2014 00:00:00 EDT Monthly blood transfusions reduce sickle cell anemia-related brain injury in children http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_sickle_cell_anemia_08202014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_sickle_cell_anemia_08202014.htm Regular blood transfusions prevent recurrent blockage of brain blood vessels, a serious neurological side effect that occurs in one third of children with sickle cell anemia, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings appear in the Aug. 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Wed, 20 Aug 2014 00:00:00 EDT Scientists use lasers to control mouse brain switchboard http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_sleep_wake_network_08142014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_sleep_wake_network_08142014.htm Ever wonder why it’s hard to focus after a bad night’s sleep? Using mice and flashes of light, scientists show that just a few nerve cells in the brain may control the switch between internal thoughts and external distractions. The study, partly funded by the National Institutes of Health, may be a breakthrough in understanding how a critical part of the brain, called the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN), influences consciousness. Thu, 14 Aug 2014 00:00:00 EDT NIH scientists find six new genetic risk factors for Parkinson’s http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_PD_gene_chips_07272014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_PD_gene_chips_07272014.htm A new international study has taken number crunching to the extreme. Using data from over 18,000 patients, scientists identified more than two dozen genetic risk factors involved in Parkinson’s disease, including six that had not been previously reported. The study, published in Nature Genetics, was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and led by scientists working in NIH laboratories. Sun, 27 Jul 2014 00:00:00 EDT Brain tumor invasion along blood vessels may lead to new cancer treatments http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_glioma_hijack_07082014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_glioma_hijack_07082014.htm Invading glioblastoma cells may hijack cerebral blood vessels during early stages of disease progression and damage the brain’s protective barrier, a study in mice indicates. This finding could ultimately lead to new ways to bring about the death of the tumor, as therapies may be able to reach these deadly cells at an earlier time point than was previously thought possible. Tue, 08 Jul 2014 00:00:00 EDT NIH scientists take totally tubular journey through brain cells http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_mircrotuble_tagging_06112014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_mircrotuble_tagging_06112014.htm In a new study, scientists at the National Institutes of Health took a molecular-level journey into microtubules, the hollow cylinders inside brain cells that act as skeletons and internal highways. They watched how a protein called tubulin acetyltransferase (TAT) labels the inside of microtubules. The results, published in Cell, answer long-standing questions about how TAT tagging works and offer clues as to why it is important for brain health. Wed, 11 Jun 2014 00:00:00 EDT NIH embraces bold, 12-year scientific vision for BRAIN Initiative http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_BRAIN_initiative_06052014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_BRAIN_initiative_06052014.htm A federal report calls for $4.5 billion in funding for brain research over the next 12 years. The long-term scientific vision of the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative was presented today to National Institutes of Health Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., by his Advisory Committee to the Director (ACD). Dr. Collins accepted the recommendations, calling the report bold and game changing. Thu, 05 Jun 2014 00:00:00 EDT Shining a light on memory http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_light_switching_memories_06012014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_light_switching_memories_06012014.htm Using a flash of light, scientists have inactivated and then reactivated a memory in genetically engineered rats. The study, supported by the National Institutes of Health, is the first cause-and-effect evidence that strengthened connections between neurons are the stuff of memory. Sun, 01 Jun 2014 00:00:00 EDT Federal pain research database launched http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_pain_database_launched_05212014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_pain_database_launched_05212014.htm The Interagency Pain Research Portfolio (IPRP), a database that provides information about pain research and training activities supported by the federal government, has been launched by six federal agencies. Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 EDT Scientists take a close-up of key pain-sensing molecule http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/news_article_TRPV1_05162014.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/news_article_TRPV1_05162014.htm A revolutionary microscopy technique could help design better treatments for chronic pain Fri, 16 May 2014 00:00:00 EDT