Press Releases & News Articles: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Copyright 2015, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/index.htm en Press Release Saturday Sunday http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss NIH-funded study reveals how differences in male and female brains emerge http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_worm_brain_circuits_05162016.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_worm_brain_circuits_05162016.htm Nematode worms may not be from Mars or Venus, but they do have sex-specific circuits in their brains that cause the males and females to act differently. According to new research published in Nature, scientists have determined how these sexually dimorphic (occurring in either males or females) connections arise in the worm nervous system. The research was funded by the NIH’s National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Mon, 16 May 2016 00:00:00 EDT New role identified for scars at the site of injured spinal cord http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_new_role_identified_for_scars_04082016.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_new_role_identified_for_scars_04082016.htm For decades, it was thought that scar-forming cells called astrocytes were responsible for blocking neuronal regrowth across the level of spinal cord injury, but recent findings challenge this idea. According to a new mouse study, astrocyte scars may actually be required for repair and regrowth following spinal cord injury. The research was funded by the National Institutes of Health, and published in Nature. Fri, 08 Apr 2016 13:00:00 EDT Publication highlights release of muscular dystrophy action plan http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_release_of_MDCC_action_plan_04082016.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_release_of_MDCC_action_plan_04082016.htm The Muscular Dystrophy Coordinating Committee (MDCC), a congressionally authorized group of representatives from federal agencies and patient advocates, recently released an updated version of its Action Plan for the Muscular Dystrophies. The plan is a comprehensive guide for addressing critical challenges facing people living with muscular dystrophy. An editorial, published in Muscle & Nerve, provides an overview of the plan, as well as recommendations for its use. Fri, 08 Apr 2016 00:00:00 EDT Eye cells may use math to detect motion http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_eye_cells_03072016.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_eye_cells_03072016.htm Our eyes constantly send bits of information about the world around us to our brains where the information is assembled into objects we recognize. Along the way, a series of neurons in the eye use electrical and chemical signals to relay the information. In a study of mice, National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists showed how one type of neuron may do this to distinguish moving objects. Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 EST Diabetes drug may prevent recurring strokes http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_IRIS_trial_02172016.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_IRIS_trial_02172016.htm Pioglitazone, a drug used for type 2 diabetes, may prevent recurrent stroke and heart attacks in people with insulin resistance but without diabetes. The results of the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke (IRIS) trial, presented at the International Stroke Conference 2016 in Los Angeles and published in the New England Journal of Medicine, suggest a potential new method to prevent stroke and heart attack in high-risk patients who have already had one stroke or transient ischemic attack. Wed, 17 Feb 2016 00:00:00 EST New members selected for National Advisory Neurological Disorders and Stroke Council http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_nands_council_02042016.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_nands_council_02042016.htm Six esteemed individuals have been selected to serve on the National Advisory Neurological Disorders and Stroke Council, the principal advisory body to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), part of the National Institutes of Health. Thu, 04 Feb 2016 00:00:00 EST New NIH-funded memory drug moves into Phase 1 clinical study http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_memory_drug_12312015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_memory_drug_12312015.htm An experimental drug that may improve memory is now being tested in a Phase 1 safety trial. The compound, BPN14770, was developed by Tetra Discovery Partners, with support from the NIH Blueprint Neurotherapeutics Network, a program designed to facilitate the discovery and development of novel neurological treatments. It is the first compound funded by the program to reach a Phase 1 clinical trial. Thu, 31 Dec 2015 00:00:00 EST Speeding up brain’s waste disposal may slow down neurodegenerative diseases http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_proteasomes_neurodegenerative_disorders_12212015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_proteasomes_neurodegenerative_disorders_12212015.htm A study of mice shows how proteasomes, a cell’s waste disposal system, may break down during Alzheimer’s disease (AD), creating a cycle in which increased levels of damaged proteins become toxic, clog proteasomes, and kill neurons. The study, published in Nature Medicine and supported by the National Institutes of Health, suggests that enhancing proteasome activity with drugs during the early stages of AD may prevent dementia and reduce damage to the brain. Mon, 21 Dec 2015 00:00:00 EST Scientists manipulate consciousness in rats http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_brain_consciousness_12182015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_brain_consciousness_12182015.htm Scientists showed that they could alter brain activity of rats and either wake them up or put them in an unconscious state by changing the firing rates of neurons in the central thalamus, a region known to regulate arousal. The study, published in eLIFE, was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health. Fri, 18 Dec 2015 00:00:00 EST DNA repair factor linked to breast cancer may also play a role in Alzheimer’s disease http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_brca1_alzheimers_11302015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_brca1_alzheimers_11302015.htm Mutant forms of breast cancer factor 1 (BRCA1) are associated with breast and ovarian cancers but according to new findings, in the brain the normal BRCA1 gene product may also be linked to Alzheimer’s disease. The results, published in Nature Communications, suggest that low levels of BRCA1 protein in the brain may contribute to dementia. The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health. Mon, 30 Nov 2015 00:00:00 EST Study shows how fruit flies beat the heat (and cold) http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_flies_temp_11232015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_flies_temp_11232015.htm Humans aren’t the only ones that take shelter when the weather turns unpleasant. A team of researchers at Northwestern University’s Department of Neurobiology has mapped the neural circuits that allow flies to avoid uncomfortable temperatures. Mon, 23 Nov 2015 00:00:00 EST Batten disease may benefit from gene therapy http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_batten_gene_therapy_11112015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_batten_gene_therapy_11112015.htm In a study of dogs, scientists showed that a new way to deliver replacement genes may be effective at slowing the development of childhood Batten disease, a rare and fatal neurological disorder. Wed, 11 Nov 2015 00:00:00 EST