Press Releases & News Articles: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Copyright 2014, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/index.htm en Press Release Saturday Sunday http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss Normal neuronal firing may spark brain tumor growth http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_sparking_brain_tumors_06162015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_sparking_brain_tumors_06162015.htm Using human brain tumor samples, scientists have discovered that normal patterns of nerve cell firing may enhance the growth of cancer cells. They also found that, neuroligin-3 (NLGN3), a gene known to be important for brain cell communication, may influence tumor growth and patient survival, making it a potential new target for therapy. The study, published in Cell, was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Tue, 16 Jun 2015 00:00:00 EDT Progesterone does not significantly improve outcome after traumatic brain injury http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/news_article_progesterone_06152015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/news_article_progesterone_06152015.htm Results of a phase 3 randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial suggest that progesterone may not significantly improve outcomes in patients who have suffered a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Tue, 16 Jun 2015 00:00:00 EDT NIH Names Walter J. Koroshetz, M.D. Director of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_director_06112015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_director_06112015.htm National Institutes of Health Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D. announced today the selection of Walter J. Koroshetz, M.D., as the Director of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). He has served as Acting Director of the NINDS since October, 2014. Thu, 11 Jun 2015 00:00:00 EDT Scientists create mice with a major genetic cause of ALS and FTD http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_ALS_FTD_05222015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_ALS_FTD_05222015.htm Scientists at Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida created a novel mouse that exhibits the symptoms and neurodegeneration associated with the most common genetic forms of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig’s disease), both of which are caused by a mutation in the a gene called C9ORF72. Fri, 22 May 2015 00:00:00 EDT A SMARTer approach to stroke care http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_SMART_05132015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_SMART_05132015.htm Time is critical when it comes to stroke: early treatment is associated with better outcomes. According to the Screening with MRI for Accurate and Rapid stroke Treatment (SMART) study, small changes in quality improvement procedures enabled clinicians to use MRI scans to diagnose stroke patients before giving acute treatment, within 60 minutes of hospital arrival. MRI scans provide detailed images but take longer to complete than CT scans, which are commonly used in most centers. Wed, 13 May 2015 00:00:00 EDT Scientists unravel the mystery of the tubulin code http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_tubulin_code_05122015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_tubulin_code_05122015.htm Driving down the highway, you encounter ever-changing signs— speed limits, exits, food and gas options. Seeing these roadside markers may cause you to slow down, change lanes or start thinking about lunch. In a similar way, cellular structures called microtubules are tagged with a variety of chemical markers that can influence cell functions. The pattern of these markers makes up the “tubulin code” and according to a paper published in Cell, scientists at NIH’s National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) have uncovered the mechanism behind one of the main writers of this code, tubulin tyrosine ligase-7 (TTLL7). Tue, 12 May 2015 00:00:00 EDT Study points to possible treatment for lethal pediatric brain cancer http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_pediatric_brain_cancer_05042015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_pediatric_brain_cancer_05042015.htm Using brain tumor samples collected from children in the United States and Europe, an international team of scientists found that the drug panobinostat and similar gene regulating drugs may be effective at treating diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPG), an aggressive and lethal form of pediatric cancer. Mon, 04 May 2015 00:00:00 EDT Drugs that activate brain stem cells may reverse multiple sclerosis in mice http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_MS_remyelination_04202015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_MS_remyelination_04202015.htm Two drugs already on the market — an antifungal and a steroid — may potentially take on new roles as treatments for multiple sclerosis. According to a study in Nature, researchers discovered that these drugs may activate stem cells in the brain to stimulate myelin producing cells and repair white matter, which is damaged in multiple sclerosis. The study was partially funded by the NIH’s National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Mon, 20 Apr 2015 00:00:00 EDT Strengthening the immune system’s fight against brain cancer http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_fight_against_brain_cancer_03182015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_fight_against_brain_cancer_03182015.htm When cancer strikes, it may be possible for patients to fight back with their own defenses, using a strategy known as immunotherapy. According to a new study published in Nature, researchers have found a way to enhance the effects of this therapeutic approach in glioblastoma, a deadly type of brain cancer, and possibly improve patient outcomes. The research was funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) as well as the National Cancer Institute (NCI), which are part of the National Institutes of Health. Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:00:00 EDT Study reveals how genetic changes lead to familial Alzheimer’s disease http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_familial_alzheimers_disease_03112015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_familial_alzheimers_disease_03112015.htm Mutations in the presenilin-1 gene are the most common cause of inherited, early-onset forms of Alzheimer’s disease. In a new study, published in Neuron, scientists replaced the normal mouse presenilin-1 gene with Alzheimer’s-causing forms of the human gene to discover how these genetic changes may lead to the disorder. Wed, 11 Mar 2015 00:00:00 EDT Brain Awareness Week Teaches Children How Their Brains Work http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_BAW_03052015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_BAW_03052015.htm A celebration of the 16th annual Brain Awareness Week (BAW), a worldwide campaign to increase public awareness of the progress and benefits of brain research, will take place March 16-20, 2015, at the National Museum of Health and Medicine in Silver Spring, Maryland. Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 EST Scientists map memorable tunes in the rat brain http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_memorable_brain_tunes_03032015.htm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/news_and_events/news_articles/pressrelease_memorable_brain_tunes_03032015.htm Lights, sound, action: we are constantly learning how to incorporate outside sensations into our reactions in specific situations. In a new study, brain scientists have mapped changes in communication between nerve cells as rats learned to make specific decisions in response to particular sounds. Tue, 03 Mar 2015 00:00:00 EST