This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) issued by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) encourages applications to augment and strengthen emerging research programs focused on NINDS mission related research at institutions committed to increasing diversity in the neuroscience workforce. For the purposes of this FOA, Specialized Neuroscience Research Programs (SNRPs) are defined as those institutions with NINDS funding less than $25 million total cumulative costs over the 3 years leading up to the application. The intent of the SNRP is to promote opportunities to improve the research infrastructure at academic institutions with emerging NINDS mission related research programs to engage researchers in novel, cutting edge research. It also provides early stage investigators with the opportunity for intensive research experiences to promote scholarship in discovery, integration, and the application of knowledge in basic and translational neuroscience research. Support from SNRP facilitates the planning, implementation and evaluation of meritorious exploratory research projects; stimulates effective collaboration among academic researchers to advance neuroscience knowledge; broadens participation in neuroscience research by engaging institutions, organizations and individuals in NINDS mission relevant research; and increases the academic preparedness of students from diverse backgrounds for advanced neuroscience research careers.