Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort (SHINE)
- Age 18 years or older
- Clinical diagnosis of ischemic stroke defined as acute neurological deficit occurring in one or more cerebral vascular territories.
Neuroimaging must be done to exclude intracranial hemorrhage (ICH).
- Protocol treatment must begin within 3 hours after hospital arrival and within 12 hours after stroke symptom onset. If time
of symptom onset is unclear or patient is awakening with stroke symptoms, the time of onset will be the time the patient was
last known to be normal.
- Known history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and glucose >110 mg/dL OR admission glucose ≥150 mg/dL in those w/o known diabetes
- Baseline NIHSS score of 3-22
- Pre-stroke Modified Rankin Scale score = 0
- Able to provide a valid informed consent to be in the study (self or their authorized legally accepted representative). The
approved consent form must be signed and dated in accordance with federal and institutional guidelines.
- Known history of type1 diabetes mellitus
- Substantial pre-existing neurological or psychiatric illness that would confound the neurological assessment or other outcome
- Having received experimental therapy for the enrollment stroke. IV tPA (up to 4.5 hrs) or IA tPA are allowed as are IA therapies
including use of FDA cleared devices. Non FDA cleared devices are considered experimental and are excluded.
- Known to be pregnant or breast-feeding at the time of study entry
- Other serious conditions that make the patient unlikely to survive 90 days
- Inability to follow the protocol or return for the 90 day follow up
- Renal dialysis (including hemo or peritoneal dialysis)
Last updated February 11, 2013